Some marine terminals sustain more damage than others from the surges of nearby vessels, depending on where they are located in the channel. This was the case for a large refinery on the U.S. Gulf Coast. Although this refinery is ideally situated for access to interstate pipelines and the Port of Houston, it is susceptible to surge damage from the many large vessels that pass it each day.
A vessel created a surge large enough to damage a loading arm on the dock, which in turn caused a fire and put the dock out of service. This resulted in a significant cost to the refinery. Identifying and securing compensation from culprits in these cases can be very difficult.